January Timeline


Legislation passed declaring the transatlantic slave trade is no longer legal on North American soil.


At Camp Saxton in Port Royal, South Carolina, thousands of African Americans gathered to celebrate Emancipation Day on the very day the Proclamation was issued by President Lincoln

The 1st all-Black South Carolina Volunteer Regiment comprised of enslaved people was inducted into the United States Army


African American clergyman and politician, Francis L. Cardoza is elected the State Treasurer of South Carolina


Harvey Gantt, the first African American admitted to Clemson University and the first black mayor of Charlotte, NC was born in Charleston, SC


Joseph “Smoking Joe” Frasier is born in Beaufort, SC. He would later become an Olympic gold medalist and heavy weight champion


Hall of Famer and famous University of South Carolina basketball player, Alex English was born in Columbia, SC


In his final speech as Governor, Fritz Hollings states that “the day of segregation has passed”

Donald Russell is inaugurated as Governor of South Carolina and holds the first integrated inaugural reception in the South Carolina’s history

The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals orders Clemson University to admit Harvey Gantt allowing him to become the first African American to enroll at Clemson University

Federal District Court Judge C.C. Wyche signs the order admitting Gantt to Clemson University

Accompanied by Matthew Perry, Harvey Gantt arrives at Clemson University and enrolls


The Office for Minority Student Affairs at USC is officially organized to represent the needs of the University’s African American students and protest discriminatory treatment of the University’s minority population


University of Pittsburgh Wide Receivers Coach and past NFL player, Bobby Engram was born in Camden, SC


More than 46,000 protesters rally in a march on the state capitol at Columbia, South Carolina, to protest the Confederate battle flag flying atop the statehouse dome. NAACP chair Kweisi Mfume, the main speaker at the event, called it the greatest civil rights rally since the 1960s