October Timeline

1868

B.F. Randolph, state senator and chairman of the state Republican party, was assassinated in daylight at Hodges Depot in Abbeville, SC

1871

President Grant suspended the writ of habeas corpus and declared martial law in nine South Carolina counties affected by Ku Klux Klan activities

1873

Henry E. Hayne, the black Republican Secretary of State of South Carolina, registered as a student in the medical department of the University and was the first official matriculation of an African American student in the University of South Carolina

1917

John Birks “Dizzy” Gillespie was born in Cheraw, SC

1941

Civil rights leader Jesse Jackson is born in Greenville, SC

1960

Students from Allen University & Benedict College formed the Student Conference for Human Rights in order to facilitate cross-campus & city-wide organizing

1963

South Carolina officially “runs out of courts” as the U.S. Supreme Court refuses to hear Clemson University’s appeal

1967

Winnsboro, SC native Sergeant First Class Webster Anderson of the 101st Airborne Division successfully defends his artillery position from a sustained enemy attack. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor

1975

Kimberly Clarice Aiken, the first African American Miss America from South Carolina and Human Rights Advocate was born in Columbia, SC