July Timeline


The South Carolina House became the first and only legislature to have a black majority, 87 blacks to 40 whites


Mary McCleod Bethune is born in Mayesville, SC


Anna May Manigault-Hurley, operator of Manigault-Hurley Funeral Home, Inc., one of the biggest black owned businesses in the state, was born in Columbia, SC


Civil Rights leader and businessman, Esau Jenkins was born on Johns Island, SC


Dr. Noble P. Cooper, the first African American accepted into the S.C. Dental Association was born in Columbia, SC


Congressman James Clyburn was born in Sumter, SC


Camden, SC native Larry Doby was signed to the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first African-American to play in the American League and the first African American to hit a home run in an All-Star game


Luther J. Battiste III was born in Orangeburg, SC. He and his partners formed the first racially integrated law firm at the partner level in South Carolina and in 1983 he was elected as one of the first two African-Americans to Columbia City Council


In the case of Brown vs. SC Forestry Commission, Judge Martin orders all state parks to desegregate within 60 days. Instead, the South Carolina Forestry Commission closed all state parks

Robert Anderson applies as a transfer student to the University of South Carolina

The University of South Carolina Board of Trustees announces it will comply with the order to desegregate


South Carolina state parks are reopened as fully integrated facilities after closed by the South Caroling Forestry Commission in response to Brown vs. Forestry Commission