Black voters in Columbia, including George Elmore, a native of Holly Hill, attempted to vote in the August primary but were turned away by Democratic Party officials. Harold Boulware, the head of the state NAACP legal committee, filed a class action lawsuit, Elmore v. Rice. In a ruling supporting Elmore, federal judge J. Waites Waring declared that it “is time for South Carolina to rejoin the Union.”

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