July Timeline


Distinguished mathematician, essayist, and Howard University professor Dr. Kelly Miller was born in Winnsboro where he attended the Fairfield Institute.


Educator, civic leader, and political advisor Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune was born in Mayesville, S.C.


Civil rights leader and businessman, Esau Jenkins was born on Johns Island, S.C.


Columbia NAACP President Rev. E.A. Adams and other members of the state conference formed the Negro Citizens Committee of South Carolina (NCC) to rally support for a voting rights campaign.


Camden, S.C. native, Larry Doby, was signed to the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first African American to play in the American League.


A group of students, known as the “Greenville Eight” were arrested for disorderly conduct when they staged a sit-in at a Greenville library. The students, including Jesse L. Jackson, were counseled by the Rev. James S. Hall, the pastor of Greenville’s Springfield Baptist Church.


Judge Robert Martin ordered all state parks to desegregate. Instead, the South Carolina Forestry Commission closed all state parks. Judge Martin also ordered the University of South Carolina to desegregate.


President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act into law, banning segregation in public places and outlawing employment discrimination on the basis of race.


Students working on the Southern Christian Leadership Conference’s Project SCOPE summer project near Charleston were arrested for trespassing at Edisto Beach State Park, which had been closed since 1956, when the S.C. General Assembly resisted legal campaigns for integration.


S.C. State Parks were reopened as fully integrated facilities after being closed by the South Carolina Forestry Commission in response to Brown v. S.C. Forestry Commission.


Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke at the Charleston County Hall. He is joined by local leaders including Esau Jenkins, Septima P. Clark, Z. L. Grady, Daniel Martin, Herbert Fielding, and James E. Clyburn.


Matthew J. Perry Jr., a graduate of the SC State Law School in Orangeburg, was nominated by President Jimmy Carter as a judge for the U.S. District Court for the District of S.C.


Dr. Edward Sawyer Cooper, a native of Columbia and a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, began his tenure as the first African American president of the American Heart Association.


Following the death of 9 parishioners at Charleston’s Mother Emanuel A.M.E. Church, public protest, and intense debates in the General Assembly, S.C. Governor Nikki Haley signed a bill to remove the Confederate flag from the state capitol grounds.