September Timeline


The Stono Rebellion occurs at Stono Bridge, South of Charleston. This large-scale act of resistance among enslaved African Americans who demanded their freedom struck fear in white citizens who responded with violent assaults and even tighter slave codes and regulations.


Celia Mann, a free woman of color and a midwife, died in Columbia at 68 years of age. According to family oral tradition, Celia was born into slavery in Charleston, gained her freedom, and walked to Columbia. She and her husband, Ben DeLane, owned their own property, now the site of the Mann-Simons cottage that was maintained by their descendants.


Anna DeCosta Banks, RN, a graduate of Hampton Institute and a pioneer in the nursing profession, was born in Charleston, S.C. A wing of the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) is named in her honor.


Brook Benton [Benjamin Franklin Peay], American soul vocalist, was born in Lugoff, S.C.


Mamie “Peanut” Johnson, the only woman to pitch for the Negro Major League was born in Ridgeway, S.C. In 1954, she was signed to play for the Indianapolis Clowns.


NAACP attorney Thurgood Marshall spoke at Allen University and received a $5000 check from the SC NAACP to support legal challenges to segregation, including the pending Briggs v. Elliott case before the U.S. Supreme Court.


Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. began holding a series of meetings of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in Columbia.


Following the court ruling Millicent Brown et al. v. Charleston County School Board, District 20, 11 African American students desegregated Charleston County schools, setting stage for school desegregation across S.C.

Henrie Monteith, James L. Solomon Jr., and Robert Anderson enrolled at the University of South Carolina, becoming the first African Americans to attend since Reconstruction.


Jasper Cureton, a native of Oconee County and a graduate of South Carolina State College and the University of South Carolina, was sworn in as the first African American member of a newly formed S.C. Appeals Court.


Alex English, a native of Columbia, a standout University of South Carolina basketball player, and a prolific NBA scorer, was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Ma.


Joseph A. De Laine, Levi Pearson, and Harry and Eliza Briggs were posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in recognition of their civil rights struggles in Clarendon County.